Italy - Calabria Placeholder
Italy - Calabria

CALABRIA

 

The oldest known science settlers Calabria considered oskov tribes and Samnites settled here. They are the ancestors of the population of the neighboring region, Basilicata (old – Lucania), which called Lucania. So the inhabitants of Basilicata and call themselves so far.

From the VIII century BC. e. Calabria was colonized by the Greeks. Its cities, such as Sybaris, Croton and Locri Epizefirskie, were some of the major cities of Great Greece. The Greeks and gave the area the name from the words “Kalon Brion”, which the Greeks designated fertile land.

The conquest of Calabria, the Romans in the III century BC. e. It has led her to decline. In the early Middle Ages in Calabria also it has been widely spread malaria, especially in swampy areas. On its shores are often committed by pirate raids. During the wars of the Gotha Calabria was devastated. Here, as in all of Italy, then dominated by the emperors of Byzantium.

In 1061 Calabria was conquered by the Normans, as they called the Vikings who converted to Catholicism. The leader of the Normans were Gyuiskar Robert (Roberto Guiskardo) and Roger (Ruggero) Bozzo. If they had established the Kingdom of Sicily, which included and Calabria. The subsequent history of Calabria has been associated with the history of this kingdom. Initially, there reigned the dynasty of Hohenstaufen (Staufer). Then, power passed to the Angevin dynasty of French origin, which fought the Aragonese dynasty of kings. As a result of the fight was divided into two kingdoms, one of which, Naples, Calabria was included. Since the XV to XIX century on the coast it is often attacked by the Turks or the Berbers.

During the revolutionary movement for the unification of Italy (Risorgimento) here in the mountains of Aspromonte, fought and was wounded by Garibaldi.

The last period of the history of the province is closely linked with the formation of a unified Kingdom of Italy and the establishment of the republic. Until the XX century Calabria remained part of the economically backward agrarian South.