In the ancient period The campaign was part of Magna Grecia. During the Punic wars, the region was occupied by Hannibal. Then came under the rule of Rome. After the fall of the Roman Empire in 476, the territory was ruled by Ostrogoths, Byzantines and Lombards. Since the XI century, the territory was part of the Campaign Sicilian kingdom. After the anti-French uprising (the Sicilian Vespers in 1282), the mainland part of the former kingdom of Sicily became known as the Kingdom of Naples. In 1816, two of the former kingdom of Sicily were once again united under the name Kingdom of the Two Sicilies. In 1861, the campaign is a part of the kingdom became part of the united Italy.