Molise – is an administrative region in southern Italy. It borders with Lazio, Puglia, Abruzzo, Campania and has access to the Adriatic Sea. It consists of two provinces Molise – Isernia and Campobasso, and the capital is the city of Campobasso.
Located in the Molise region of southern Italy, on the Adriatic coast. The total area of 4.4 thousand sq. Km, which is 1.5% of the entire Italian territory. The population of 322 thousand. People, and it is 0.6% of the population. The population density – 74 people per km².
The region is divided into two provinces. The administrative center is the small town of Campobasso (Campobasso), it is home to 47 thousand. Man. And other cities in Isernia (Isernia, 21000) and Termoli (Termoli, 33000).
The region is located between the Apennines and the Adriatic Sea. Molise borders Abruzzo to the north, Lazio to the west, Campania to the south, Apulia to the east by the Adriatic Sea in the northeast.
This region is in the middle of I millennium. BC was inhabited by tribes of Samnites. And in II. BC, the area was colonized by the Romans, who founded the city of Se-pinum. Now near Petrabbondante you can see the remains of an ancient Roman amphitheater.
In the Middle Ages the area was experiencing the invasion of the Saracens and the Lombards. In 1053 Hugo de Mulhauz, Norman Earl becomes a feudal ruler of Molise. The name of Molise has appeared during the reign of Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor.
Among the monuments of medieval architecture, the most interesting are the Cathedral, which is located in Termoli and the abbey of San Vincenzo in Volturno. Under the rule of Aragon Molise dynasty was in the XV-XVI centuries. In the XVII century the area was incorporated into the kingdom of the Bourbons, but in 1861, Molise became part of united Italy. A single region of Italy Molise and Abruzzo were from 1861 to 1963. And in 1963 Molise was finally independent area.
By Italian standards the climate is harsh enough in Molise, mountains covered with snow there several months a year. But Volturno valley and coastal areas the climate is milder. The average temperature for January in Campobasso +0.2 ° C, and in July 20.2 ° C.
The main roads that connect the north and south, and the east with the west of Italy, Molise bypassed. Along the coast runs the only important railway. the highway network in the region is not developed because of rugged terrain.
Molise has a maritime traffic – ferries run to the islands Tremiti from Termoli year round, they cost about 30 euros.