TRENTINO ALTO ADIGE
Trentino-Alto Adige – an autonomous region, which is located in northern Italy on the border with Austria. To the west of this area are Switzerland and the Lombardy region, south-east – Veneto. The main river in the region – Adige. It connects the Alps to the Adriatic Sea, crossing this area, and is considered the second longest “waterway” in the country. But the basic landscape in the area, however, are the mountains. And due to the fact that people are almost not affected by the beauty of nature, the area has preserved the pristine flora and fauna. Trentino-Alto Adige different alpine climate, which supplies the region with snow and cold winters. However, in the valley of the weather a little softer. In Trento, the administrative center of the region, the average July temperature is 21.1 degrees, in January – 0.4 degrees.
In Trentino-Alto Adige people began to settle already in the Bronze Age. Then this territory settled Etruscans and Celts. In the II century BC the region interested in the Romans captured the region for strategic reasons. Such colonization contributed to the construction of bridges, roads, towns and fortifications. The Middle Ages were marked by the River Adige Valley to the barbaric invasions. However, the mountainous areas it is almost not affected.
The area was divided into two parts: the north fell into the power of the bishopric Bressonone, which was under the influence of Austria, the southern – to the Bishopric of Trento, owned by the Italian state.
In XIII-XIV centuries in the region began active development of large deposits of copper, silver and iron ore, which attracted immigrants from Germany. In XVII-XVIII centuries the region is a part of Austria, in the years 1805-1815 – in the Kingdom of Italy, and since 1815 under the decision of the Congress of Vienna of land transferred to the Austrian Empire. For Italy, Trentino-Alto Adige was incorporated only after the First World War. In February 1948, the region was officially granted the status of autonomous.
Trentino – Alto Adige – it is an amazing place, a kind of center of the intersection of cultures and representatives of the Latin world with the northern peoples. Extant Extraordinary rich heritage – castles, ancient sanctuary and the city with artistic and historical monuments. For example, the second largest city in the autonomous province of Bolzano, Merano stores ancient castle Tyrol, the historic center with the arched street Laubengasse (Portici) Kurhaus 1912.